This lecture from Steven Pinker has been around for a while, but it seems to get at a question a few people have asked me recently: how does the information processing of neurons and synapses lead to conscious perception? Pinker doesn’t answer this question comprehensively (that would require a vast series of lectures), but he answers facets of it to the extent that it’s possible to see how the rest of the answer might come together.
Be warned: this lecture is very dense. If the concepts are entirely new to you, you might have to re-watch portions to fully grasp some of the points. And the visual illusions he shows, unfortunately, don’t seem to come through, but the point they make does.
Of course, people who insist that there has to be something more than just the physical processing won’t be convinced. But if you’re interested in what mainstream neuroscience knows about this stuff, well worth a watch.